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Law of the People's Republic of China on Control o
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1986.02.01
STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL PEOPLE'S CONGRESS
 LAW  OF  THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ON CONTROL OF THE ENTRY AND
EXIT OF ALIENS
 (Adopted at the 13th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the
Sixth National  People's Congress and promulgated by Order No. 31 of
the President of the People's Republic of China on November 22, 1985,
and effective as of February 1, 1986)
CONTENTS
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
CHAPTER II ENTRY INTO THE COUNTRY
CHAPTER III RESIDENCE
CHAPTER IV TRAVEL
CHAPTER V EXIT FROM THE COUNTRY
CHAPTER VI ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANS
CHAPTER VII PENALTIES
CHAPTER VIII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
  @@  Article  1.  This  Law  is  formulated  with  a view to
safeguarding the sovereignty  of the People's Republic of China,
maintaining  its  security  and  public  order  and  facilitating
international exchange.
  This  Law  is  applicable  to  aliens  entering,  leaving and
transiting the territory  of the People's Republic of China and
to those residing and travelling in China.
 @@  Article  2.  Aliens  must  obtain the permission of the
competent authorities  of  the Chinese Government in order to enter,
transit or reside in China.
 @@ Article 3. For entry, exit and transit, aliens must pass through
ports open to aliens or other designated ports and must be subject to
inspection by the frontier inspection offices.
 For  entry,  exit  and  transit, foreign-owned means of transport
must pass through ports open to aliens or other designated ports and
must  be  subject to inspection and supervision by the frontier
inspection offices.
 @@  Article  4.  The  Chinese Government shall protect the lawful
rights and interests of aliens on Chinese territory.
 Freedom  of  the  person of aliens is inviolable. No alien may be
arrested except  with  the  approval or by decision of a people's
procuratorate or by decision of a people's court, and arrest must be
made by a public security organ or state security organ.
 @@  Article  5. Aliens in China must abide by Chinese laws and
may not endanger  the  state  security  of  China,  harm public
interests or disrupt public order.
CHAPTER II ENTRY INTO THE COUNTRY
 @@  Article  6.  For  entry  into China, aliens shall apply for
visas from Chinese  diplomatic missions, consular offices or other
resident agencies abroad  authorized  by the Ministry of Foreign
Affairs.  In  specific situations aliens may, in compliance with
the  provisions  of  the State Council,  apply  for  visas  to
visa-granting offices at ports designated by the competent authorities
of the Chinese Government.
 The  entry  of  nationals from countries having visa agreements
with the Chinese Government shall be handled in accordance with those
agreements.
 In  cases  where another country has special provisions for Chinese
citizens entering  and  transiting  that  country,  the competent
authorities  of the Chinese  Government  may  adopt  reciprocal
measures contingent on the circumstances.
 Visas  are  not  required  for aliens in immediate transit on
connected international  flights  who hold passenger tickets and stay
for no more than 24  hours  in  China  entirely within airport
boundaries. Anyone desiring to leave the airport temporarily must
obtain permission from the frontier inspection office.
 @@ Article 7. When applying for various kinds of visas, aliens
shall present valid passports and, if necessary, provide pertinent
evidence.
 @@  Article 8. Aliens who have been invited or hired to work in China
shall, when applying for visas, produce evidence of the invitation or
employment.
@@ Article 9. Aliens desiring to reside permanently in China shall,
when  applying   for   visas,   present   status-of-residence
identification  forms. Applicants may obtain such forms from public
security organs at the place where they intend to reside.
 @@ Article 10. The competent authorities of the Chinese Government
shall issue  appropriate visas to aliens according to the purposes
stated in their entry applications.
 @@  Article  11.  When  an  aircraft  or  a  vessel navigating
international routes  arrives at a Chinese port, the captain or his
agent must submit a passenger name list to the frontier inspection
office; a foreign aircraft or vessel must also provide a name list of
its crew members.
 @@  Article  12. Aliens who are considered a possible threat to
China's state security and public order shall not be permitted to enter
China.
CHAPTER III RESIDENCE
 @@  Article  13.  For residence in China, aliens must possess
identification  papers  or  residence certificates issued by the
competent authorities of the C

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