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Regulations of the People's Republic of China Conc
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1983.12.29
STATE COUNCIL OF CHINA
  REGULATIONS  OF  THE  PEOPLE'S  REPUBLIC  OF  CHINA CONCERNING
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN OFFSHORE OIL EXPLORATION AND EXPLOITATION
 (Promulgated  by  the  State Council of the People's Republic of
China on December 29, 1983)
 @@  Article  1.  These  Regulations  are  formulated  for the
purpose  of implementing  the Marine Environmental Protection Law
of  the  People's Republic of China so as to prevent pollution
damage  to  the  marine environment by offshore oil exploration and
exploitation.
 @@  Article  2.  These  Regulations  shall  apply  to  all
enterprises,  institutions,  operators and individuals engaged in
offshore oil exploration and  exploitation in the sea areas under
the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China, as well as
the fixed and mobile platforms and other related installations they use.
 @@  Article  3.  The  competent  authority  in  charge  of the
environmental  protection  in  offshore  oil  exploration  and
exploitation  shall  be the National  Bureau of Oceanography of
the  People's  Republic of China, including its agencies, which is
hereinafter referred to as "the Competent
Authority".
 @@  Article 4. While drawing up an overall development program for
an oil (gas)  field, an enterprise or operator shall draw up a Marine
Environmental Impact Statement and submit it to the Ministry of
Urban  and Rural Construction and Environmental Protection of the
People's  Republic of China. The said Ministry shall, in conjunction
with the National Bureau of Oceanography  and  the  Ministry  of
Petroleum  Industry,  organize an examination of the Statement and
take a decision on it in accordance with the  provisions  concerning
environmental protection in state capital construction projects.
 @@  Article 5. A Marine Environmental Impact Statement shall consist
of the following items:
 (1) The name, geographical location and size of the oil filed;
 (2)  The  natural environment and condition of marine resources in
the sea area where the oil field is located;
 (3)  The types, composition, quantities and methods of disposal
of the wastes that need to be discharged in the course of exploiting
the oil field;
 (4)  An  assessment of marine environmental impacts: the possible
effects of offshore  oil exploitation on the natural environment and
marine resoures in the  surrounding  sea  area;  their  possible
effects  on  marine  fisheries,  shipping  and  other  offshore
activities; and the environmental protection measures proposed to be
taken to avoid and mitigate various adverse effects;
 (5)  The  ultimately  unavoidable effects and the extent and causes
thereof; and
 (6) Measures to prevent major oil-pollution accidents, including,
among others,  the  preventional organization, personnel, technical
equipment, and communication and liaison.
 @@  Article  6.  An  enterprise, institution or operator shall
have the ability to meet emergencies with regard to the prevention
and control of oil pollution accidents, work out emergency plans,
and be provided with oil-recovery facilities as well as oil enclosure
and elimination equipment and materials commensurate with the scale
of offshore oil exploration and exploitation in which it is engaged.
 When chemical dispersant is provided, its trademark and composition
shall be reported to Competent Authority for approval.
 @@  Article  7.  The  antipollution equipment for fixed and mobile
platforms shall conform to the following requirements:
(1) There shall be oil-water separators;
(2)  The  production platforms shall have equipment for treatment
of oily water,  and  the oil content of the discharged water after
treatment  through  such equipment shall conform to the national
discharge standards;
(3) There shall be monitoring devices for oil discharge;
(4) There shall be recovery facilities for residual and waste oils;
(5) There shall be garbage-smashing equipment; and
 (6)  The above-mentioned equipment & facilities shall be inspected
by the vessels inspection agency of the People's Republic of China,
proved to be up to standard, and then granted a certificate of their
effectiveness.
 @@  Article  8. If the antipollution equipment of a fixed or mobile
platform  already  employed  in  offshore  oil exploration and
exploitation in the sea areas under the jurisdiction of the People's
Republic of China before March 1, 1983 fails to meet the prescribed
requirements, effective measures shall be taken to prevent pollution
and to ensure that such equipment meets the prescribed requirements
within three years after the promulgation of these
Regulations.
 @@  Article  9. Each enterpr

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