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Law of the People's Republic of China on the Preve
双击自动滚屏 文章来源:网上转载   发布者:admin   发布时间:2001-7-28   阅读:10433

 

CHAPTER IV PREVENTION OF SURFACE WATER POLLUTION
 @@  Article  19.  No  new sewage outfalls shall be set up in the
protected zones  for  domestic  and  drinking water sources, water
bodies at scenic or historic sites, important fishery water bodies
and other water bodies of special economic or cultural value. When
new sewage outfalls are set up in the vicinity of such protected
zones, the water bodies within those zones must be ensured against
pollution.
 Measures  for the elimination or control of pollution shall be taken
for  any  sewage  outfall  which  was  established before the
promulgation of this Law and which discharges pollutants in excess of
the limits set by national or local standards. Outfalls endangering
drinking water sources shall be relocated.
 @@ Article 20. Where any pollutant discharging unit, as a result
of an accident  or  other  exigency,  discharges  pollutants  in
excess of normal quantities,  thereby  causing or threatening to
cause  a water pollution accident,  it  shall  immediately take
emergency measures, inform such units as are likely to be endangered
or damaged by the water pollution and report the case to the local
environmental  protection department. Ships that have caused  any
pollution  accident  shall  report  the  case  to  the  nearest
navigation administration office for its investigation and disposal.
 @@  Article  21.  The  discharge  of any oil, acid or alkaline
solutions, or deadly toxic liquid waste into any water body shall be
prohibited.
 @@  Article  22.  The  washing  in any water body of vehicles or
containers which have been used for storing oil or toxic pollutant
shall be prohibited.
 @@  Article 23. The discharge or dumping into any water body, or the
direct underground  burying  of  deadly  toxic  soluble  slag,
tailings,  etc., containing  such  substances as mercury, cadmium,
arsenic, chromium, lead, cyanide and yellow phosphorus, is prohibited.
 Sites  for  depositing  deadly toxic soluble slag, tailings, etc.
shall be made waterproof and protected against seepage and leaking.
 @@  Article  24.  The  discharge or dumping of industrial waste
residues, urban refuse or other wastes into any water body shall be
prohibited.
 @@  Article 25. The piling or depositing of solid wastes and
other pollutants  on  beaches  and  bank slopes below the highest
water level of rivers,  lakes,  canals, irrigation channels and
reservoirs shall be
prohibited.
 @@ Article 26. The discharge or dumping of radioactive solid wastes
or of waste water containing any high- or medium- level radioactive
substances into any water body shall be prohibited.
 The  discharge  of  waste  water containing low-level radioactive
substances shall  comply  with  the  relevant national provisions
and standards for radioactive protection.
 @@  Article  27.  Where  discharge of heated waste water into any
water body is  to  be made, measures shall be taken to ensure that
the temperature of the water body conforms to the water environment
quality standards, so as to prevent any heat pollution hazard.
 @@ Article 28. Pathogen-contaminated sewage can be discharged only
after it is disinfected to meet the relevant national standards.
 @@  Article 29. The discharge of industrial waste water or urban
sewage into  agricultural irrigation channels shall only be made with
the assurance that the water quality at the nearest irrigation intake
downstream  conforms to the agricultural irrigation water quality
standards.
 When  industrial  waste  water  or  urban  sewage is used for
irrigation,  attention  shall  be  paid  to  guarding  against
pollution of the soil, groundwater or agricultural products.
 @@ Article 30. The application of pesticides shall comply with the
state provisions and standards for their safe use.
 Transportation  and  storage  of  pesticides  and  disposal  of
expired  or ineffective  pesticides  shall be strictly controlled
to prevent water
pollution.
 @@  Article  31.  The  discharge  of oil-bearing waste water or
domestic  sew age  from  ships shall comply with ship pollutant
discharge standards. Ocean navigating ships, on entering inland rivers
or harbours, shall observe ship pollutant discharge standards for
inland rivers.
 Residual  oil  or  waste  oil of ships must be recovered, and its
discharge into any water body shall be prohibited.
The dumping of ship refuse into any water body shall be prohibited.
 In the process of loading and transporting oils or toxic cargoes,
ships must  be  saferguarded against spillage and leakage and against
such cargoes falling into the water, so as to prevent water pollution
theref

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