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Postal Law of the People's Republic of China (2)
双击自动滚屏 文章来源:网上转载   发布者:admin   发布时间:2001-7-28   阅读:9902

 

  CHAPTER  V  TRANSPORTATION, CUSTOMS EXAMINATION AND QUARANTINE
INSPECTION OF POSTAL MATERIALS
 @@  Article  26.  Transportation  units  operating railways,
highways, waterways  and airlines shall all have the responsibility
of carrying and transporting  postal  materials, and shall ensure
priority to transporting postal materials at preferential freight
charges.
  @@  Article  27.  When  postal  enterprises  transfer  postal
materials  in railway  stations,  airports and ports, transportation
units concerned shall make  coordinated arrangement of space and
in-and-out passageways for loading and unloading postal materials.
 @@  Article 28. Ships with special postal marks, postal vans and
postal staff  shall be given priority in entering and departing ports
and crossing on ferries. Postal vehicles with special postal marks
which need to pass through a lane closed to traffic or to stop in
no-parking sections of the road shall be verified and approved by
the competent department concerned for passing or parking.
 @@  Article 29. When transported by sea, postal materials shall
not be included in arrangements for sharing common sea losses.
 @@  Article  30.  Postal enterprises shall not post or deliver
international postal  articles  that are not examined and allowed to
pass by the Customs. The Customs shall supervise the entry and
exit,  opening, sealing and dispatching of international mail bags.
Postal enterprises shall inform the Customs of their business hours
in advance, and the Customs shall promptly send officials to supervise
on-the-spot checking and examination.
 @@  Article  31.  Postal materials that are subject to health and
quarantine inspections  or animal and plant quarantine inspections
according to law shall be sorted out and quarantined under the charge
of quarantine offices; no  transportation  and delivery shall be
conducted by postal enterprises without a permit from a quarantine
office.
CHAPTER VI COMPENSATION FOR LOSSES
 @@  Article  32.  Users may present receipts and inquire, within
one year counting  from  the date of the posting or remitting, about
vouchered postal materials  and remittances which they handed in for
posting or remitting at the  postal enterprises or their branch
offices that took in the postal materials or accepted the remittances.
Postal enterprises or branch offices shall inform inquirers of the
results  of inquiry within the time limit set by the competent
department of postal services under the State Council.
 If  no  result is found within the time limit for responding to the
inquiry, postal  enterprises shall make compensation first or take
remedial measures. Within  a  year counting from the date of making
such compensation, if it is ascertained that the circumstance for
which  the  compensation was made conforms with either item 2 or item
3 of Article 34 of this Law, the postal enterprises shall have the
right to recall the compensation.
 @@  Article  33.  For  losses,  damage,  destruction or missing
contents of vouchered  postal  materials,  postal enterprises shall
make compensation or take remedial measures according to the following
stipulations:
 (1)  For  registered  mail, compensation shall be made according to
standard amounts  formulated by the competent department of postal
services under the State Council.
 (2)  For  insured  postal  materials  which are lost or totally
damaged or destroyed,  compensation  shall be made according to the
insurance coverage. For  missing  contents  or  partial damage or
destruction of insured postal materials, compensation shall be made
according to the actual losses of the postal materials, based on the
ratio between the insurance coverage and the whole value of the postal
materials.
 (3)  For  uninsured  postal parcels, compensation shall be made
according to the  actual  damages  due  to  loss  of such postal
parcels, but the maximum compensation shall not exceed the amount
formulated  by  the competent department of postal services under the
State Council.
 (4)  For  other  types of vouchered postal materials, compensation
shall be made  or remedial measures taken according to the measures
provided for by the competent department of postal services under the
State Council.
 @@  Article  34.  Postal  enterprises  shall  not  be held
liable for compensation, if one of the following situations occurs:
 (1) losses of ordinary postal materials;
 (2)  losses  of vouchered postal materials caused by the user or due
to some characteristic of the posted articles per se;
 (3)  losses of vouchered postal materials, other than postal
remittances and insured postal materia

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