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Postal Law of the People's Republic of China (1)
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1987.01.01
STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL PEOPLE'S CONGRESS
POSTAL LAW OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
 (Adopted  at 18th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the National
People's Congress  and  promulgated by Order No. 47 of the President
of the People's Republic of China on December 2, 1986, and effective as
of January 1, 1987)
CONTENTS
 CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 CHAPTER II ESTABLISHMENT OF POSTAL ENTERPRISES AND POSTAL FACILITIES
 CHAPTER III CLASSIFICATION OF POSTAL BUSINESSES AND POSTAL RATES
 CHAPTER IV POSTING AND DELIVERING OF POSTAL MATERIALS
 CHAPTER V  TRANSPORTATION, CUSTOMS EXAMINATION AND QUARANTINE
INSPECTION OF POSTAL MATERIALS
 CHAPTER VI COMPENSATION FOR LOSSES
 CHAPTER VII PENALTY PROVISIONS
 CHAPTER VIII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 @@  Article  1.  This  Law is formulated in accordance with the
Constitution of  the  People's  Republic  of China, with a view to
protecting freedom and privacy of correspondence, ensuring normal
progress  of postal work, and promoting  development  of  postal
services,  so  as  to  suit the needs of socialist construction and
livelihood of the people.
 @@ Article 2. The competent department of postal services under the
State Council shall administer postal services throughout the country.
 The competent department of postal services under the State Council
shall set  up regional administrative organs of postal services as
required to administer postal services of each region.
 @@  Article  3.  The postal enterprises attached to the competent
department of  postal services under the State Council are public
enterprises, owned by the whole people, that operate postal businesses.
 According  to  stipulations  of the competent department of postal
services under  the State Council, postal enterprises shall establish
branch offices that operate postal businesses.
 @@  Article  4.  Freedom and privacy of correspondence shall be
protected by law.  No  organization or individual shall infringe
upon the freedom and privacy of correspondence of other persons for
any  reason,  except when the inspection  of  correspondence  in
accordance  with legal procedures by the public security organ, the
state security organ or the procuratorial organ is necessary for the
state's safety or the investigation of criminal offence.
 @@  Article  5.  Postal materials handed in or posted, remittances
made and savings  deposited  by users shall be protected by law,
and shall not be inspected  and withheld by any organization or
individual except as otherwise provided by law.
 @@  Article  6.  Postal enterprises shall provide users with fast,
accurate, safe and convenient postal services.
 Postal  enterprises and postal staff shall not provide information
to any organization  or  individual  about  users' dealings with
postal services except as otherwise provided for by law.
 @@  Article  7. Postal materials and remittances shall be owned by
senders and remitters before they are delivered to recipients and
remittees.
 @@  Article  8.  Posting and delivering services of mail and other
articles  with  characteristics  of  mail  shall  be  exclusively
operated  by postal enterprises, except as otherwise provided by the
State Council.
 Postal  enterprises  may,  according  to  needs, entrust other
units  or individuals  as  agents  to run businesses exclusively
operated by postal enterprises.  The provisions on postal personnel
specified in this Law shall apply to agents when they handle postal
businesses.
 @@  Article  9. No unit or individual shall produce false copies
or make fraudulent  use of special postal marks, postal uniforms and
special postal articles.
CHAPTER II ESTABLISHMENT OF POSTAL ENTERPRISES AND POSTAL FACILITIES
 @@ Article 10. Standards for establishment of postal enterprises and
their  branch  offices  shall  be  formulated by the competent
department of postal services under the State Council.
 @@  Article 11. Postal enterprises shall establish branch offices,
postal kiosks, newspaper and periodical stands, mail boxes, etc.,
in places convenient to the masses, or provide mobile services.
 Residents'  mailboxes  for  receiving  letters  and newspapers
shall be installed in residential buildings in cities.
 Places  shall  be provided for handling postal business in larger
railway stations, airports, ports and guest houses.
CHAPTER III CLASSIFICATION OF POSTAL BUSINESSES AND POSTAL RATES
@@ Article 12. Postal enterprises operate the following businesses:
 (1) posting and delivering of domestic and international postal
materials;
 (2) distributing domestic newspapers and periodicals;
 (3) postal savings and postal remittances; and
 (4)  other 

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